Doubly Weak Verbs (اللَّفِيف)

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Verbs which have two weak (vowel) letters in its root form.

Lafeef verbs consist of two types according to the position of the two weak letters in the root:

  • Lafeef Mafrooq اللفيف المفروق: Here the root verb has the first and last (final) letters as weak (vowels); e.g. وعى = to understand and وقى to protect. They follow the rules of Mithal (initial weak radical) and those of Naqis (final weak radical).
past tense
Plural Dual Singular
Third Person وَفَوْاthey kept وَفَياthey kept وَفىhe kept M
وَفَيْنَthey kept وَفَتاthey kept وَفَتْshe kept F
Second Person وَفَيْتُمْyou kept وَفَيْتُماyou kept وَفَيْتَyou kept M
وَفَيْتُنَّyou kept وَفَيْتُماyou kept وَفَيْتِyou kept F
First Person وَفَيْناwe kept وَفَيْتُI kept M & F
present tense
Plural Dual Singular
Third Person يَفونَthey keep يَفيانِthey keep يَفيhe keeps M
يَفينَthey keep تَفيانِthey keep تَفيshe keeps F
Second Person تَفونَyou keep تَفيانِyou keep تَفيyou keep M
تَفينَyou keep تَفيانِyou keep تَفينَyou keep F
First Person نَفيwe keep أَفيI keep M & F
imperative(command) tense
Plural Dual Singular ..
Third Person .. .. .. M
.. .. .. F
Second Person فواkeep فِياkeep فِkeep M
فينَkeep فِياkeep فيkeep F
First Person .. .. .. M & F
  • Lafeef Maqroon اللفيف المقرون: Here the root verb has the second (middle) and third (final) letters as weak (vowels); e.g. روى to narrate / to irrigate and طوى = to fold. They follow the same rules as Naaqis (Defective).
past tense
Plural Dual Singular
Third Person رَوَواthey narrated رَوَيَاthey narrated رَوَىhe narrated M
رَوَيْنَthey narrated رَوَتَاthey narrated رَوَتshe narrated F
Second Person رَوَيْتُمyou narrated رَوَيْتُمَاyou narrated رَوَيتَyou narrated M
رَوَيْتُنَّyou narrated رَوَيْتُمَاyou narrated رَوَيتِyou narrated F
First Person رَوَيْنَاwe narrated رَوَيتُI narrated M & F
present tense
Plural Dual Singular
Third Person يَروُونthey narrate يَرْوِيَانthey narrate يَروِيhe narrates M
يَروِيْنَthey narrate تَرْوِيَانthey narrate تَروِيshe narrates F
Second Person تَروُونyou narrate تَروِيَانyou narrate تَرْوِيyou narrate M
تَرْوِينَّyou narrate تَرْوِيَانyou narrate تَرْوِينyou narrate F
First Person نَرْوِيwe narrate أَرْوِيI narrate M & F
imperative(command) tense
Plural Dual Singular ..
Third Person .. .. .. M
.. .. .. F
Second Person اِرْوُواnarrate اِرْوِيَاnarrate اِرْوِnarrate M
اِرْويْنَnarrate اِرْوِيَاnarrate اِروِيnarrate F
First Person .. .. .. M & F

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