Mahmouz (الصحيح المهموز)

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A Mahmouz verb has a Hamza in its root (base).

The Hamza can come:

1) At the beginning of the base verb; e.g. أكلَ  (ate ).

2) In the middle of the base verb; e.g. سألَ (asked).

3) At the end of the base verb; e.g. قرأ (read).

Conjugation:

CommandPresentPast
اِقْرَأْيَقْرَأُقَرَأَ
كُلْيَأْكُلُأَكَلَ
سَلْيَسْأَلُسَأَلَ
  • In some verbs starting with Hamza, when used with “أ” in the first person present tense, the Hamza changes to the long Alif with Maddah at the beginning; e.g. أكل >>> آكُلُ = I eat, and أخَذَ آخُذُ = I take.)

أ + أكل = آكُلُ (I eat)

  • The Hamza is dropped in the imperative form of some verbs مُر/خُذ /سَلْ/ كُلْ as in the words of the Prophet peace be upon him: 

:قول الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم

مُروا أولادكم بالصلاة وهو أبناء سبع

“Order your children to pray and when they are 7 years old”

However, it is permissible in the verb أمَرَ: مُر to keep the hamza when it comes in the middle of the word/there is a letter before the Hamza:

(وأمر أهلك بالصلاة)

(132 طه)

(And order your family to pray) [132 Taha]  

past tense
Plural Dual Singular
Third Person أَكَلُوا(they ate) أَكَلَا(they ate) أكَلَ(He ate) M
أَكَلْنَ(they ate) أَكَلَتَا(They ate) أكَلَتْ(she ate) F
Second Person أَكَلْتُم(You ate) أَكَلْتُمَا(Youate) أكَلتَ(You ate) M
أَكَلْتُنَّ(You ate) أَكَلْتُمَا(You ate) أَكَلْتِ(You ate) F
First Person أَكَلْنَا(we ate) أَكَلْتُ(I ate) M & F
present tense
Plural Dual Singular
Third Person يَأكُلُون(They eat) يَأكُلَان(they eat) يَأكُل(He eats) M
يَأكُلْنَ(they eat) تَأكُلَان(They eat) تَأكُلُ(she eats) F
Second Person تَأكُلُون(You eat) تَأكُلَان(You  eat) تَأكُلُ(You eat) M
تَأكلْنَّ(You eat) تَأكُلَان(You eat) تَأكُلِينَ(You eat) F
First Person نَأكُلُ(we eat) آكُلُ(I eat) M & F
imperative(command) tense
Plural Dual Singular ..
Third Person .. .. .. M
.. .. .. F
Second Person كُلُوا( eat) كُلَا( eat) كُلْ( eat) M
كُلْنَّ&(eat) كُلَا(eat) كُلِي(eat) F
First Person .. .. .. M & F

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