Mithal Verbs (المثال)

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A Mithal مِثال Verb is that whose first letter is sick in its root (base) form.

The Mithal verb always starts with either a Waw or a Yaa; e.g. وَعَدَ = to promise, يَئِس= to give up (There are very few verbs starting with Yaa in Arabic and they are seldom used.)

CommandPresentPast
عِدْيَعِدُوَعَدَ
اِيئَسْيَيْئَسُ
يَئِسَ
هَبْيَهِبُوَهَبَ
past tense
PluralDualSingular
Third Personوَعَدُواthey promisedوَعَدَاthey promisedوَعَدَhe promisedM
وَعَدْنَthey promisedوَعَدَتَاthey promisedوَعَدَتْshe promisedF
Second Personوَعَدْتُمْyou promisedوَعَدْتُمُاyou promisedوَعَدْتَyou promisedM
وَعَدْتُنَّyou promisedوَعَدْتُماyou promisedوَعَدْتِyou promisedF
First Personوَعَدْنَاwe promisedوَعَدتُI  promisedM & F
present tense
PluralDualSingular
Third Personيَعِدونَthey  promiseيَعِدانِthey  promiseيَعِدُhe promisesM
يَعِدْنَthey  promiseتَعِدانِthey  promiseتَعِدُshe promisesF
Second Personتَعِدونَyou promiseتَعِدانِyou promiseتَعِدُyou promiseM
تَعِدْنَyou promiseتَعِدانِyou promiseتَعِدينَyou promiseF
First Personنَعِدُwe promiseأَعِدُI  promiseM & F
imperative(command) tense
PluralDualSingular..
Third Person......M
......F
Second PersonعِدُواpromiseعِدَاpromiseعِدْpromiseM
عِدْنَpromiseعِدَاpromiseعِديpromiseF
First Person......M & F

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